ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES IN REDUCING SELF-INJURIOUS BEHAVIOURS IN A THREE-YEAR-OLD AUTISTIC GIRL Anna Budzińska, Anna Lubomirska Acta Neuropsychologica 2009; 7(3): ICID: 903542
Article type: Short communication
IC™ Value: 3.41
Abstract provided by Publisher
Self-destructive behaviours have been extensively de -scrib ed in the literature on the topic. The aetiology of such behaviours remains unknown. They are very dangerous to the patient. The treatment of this disorder represents an enormous challenge. Commencement of therapy fol-lows an analysis of the factors which cause self-injurious behaviours to continue. The assessment of behaviour changes is based on the analysis of the data from the therapy conducted by using applied behaviour analysis to reduce self-destructive re -sponses. The ABC research model was applied, in which A means baseline measurement, whereas B and C are the subsequent stages of therapy. Appropriately selected behaviour analysis techniques are very successful in reducing self-injurious behaviours. Functional behaviour analysis made it possible to decide on the course of action that was taken and that eventual-ly eliminated all self-injurious responses. Our research has demonstrated that therapy for self-inju-rious behaviour ought to be based on the assumptions of applied behaviour analysis, i.e. on reinforcing desirable be haviours and withholding rewards for self-injurious re -sponses. A consistent and uniform manner of responding to difficult behaviours on the part of the persons in the immediate surroundings constitutes a very significant element of therapy.